Security IC Distributor in China
- Protect keys needed for cloud authentication.
- Protect embedded data and extend battery life.
- Enables solutions with reduced cost and time.
- For secure boot of application processors.
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Professional Security IC Supplier - Rantle East Electronic
RANTLE offers all kinds of Security IC with scalable range of protection. They protect keys needed for cloud authentication, firmware validation, IP and counterfeit protection, accessories authentication, and automotive security.
RANTLE Security IC is designed to protect embedded data and extend battery life. It comes with PIC24F “GB2” and “GB4” families that offer an integrated hardware cryptographic engine with extreme low power (XLP) performance. These families include a rich set of Core independent peripheral that integrate seamlessly into an application requiring security. Security IC enables solutions with reduced cost and time.
RANTLE Security IC has microchip 32-bit microcontrollers. These solutions include a comprehensive ecosystem with hardware, software, tools and functions.
Security IC is designed for secure boot of application processors.
By using our RANTLE Security IC, it detects or prevent intrusion attempts of your system. Also, it provides a method to authenticate the battery packs. The security is achieved using the SHA-1 hash function inside the widely adopted keyed-hash message authentication code construction.
It has unique 128-bit key stored in each security device allowing the host to authenticate each pack.
RANTLE Security IC can communicate to the system over a simple one-wire bidirectional serial interface. It has 5-kbits/s SDQ bus interface reduces communications overhead in the external microcontroller. Security IC derives power over the SDQ bus line via an external capacitor.
At RANTLE, you can save your time and cost. Over 300 thousand part numbers in stock for immediately delivery.
As an independent Security IC distributor, we are not limited to specific manufacturers or to certain regions. This flexibility benefits you through fast delivery, lower pricing, ability to supply any Security IC from any manufacturers.
Do not hesitate. Avail our one of a kind Security IC now! Call our hard-working sales team today. RANTLE products is the best choice!
Electronic Components IC Chips Related Components: Logic IC , Interface IC , Equalizer IC , Driver IC , Digital Potentiometer IC , Counter IC , Network IC , Timer IC , Active Filter IC , Multimedia IC , Optocoupler IC , Power Management IC , Switch IC , RF Integrated Circuit , IC Batteries
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Security IC: The Ultimate FAQs Guide
Most definitely, you could be having many unanswered questions about security ICs.
Today’s guide will help you understand all the critical concepts of security integrated circuits.
Whether you are an expert or newbie in this industry, this is a must-read guide for you.
- What is Security IC?
- Which are the Components of Security IC?
- What is the Function of Security IC?
- Why use Security ICs?
- Are there Disadvantages of using Security Integrated Circuits?
- What is PIC24F “GB2” and “GB4” in Security ICs?
- What is Security IC Embedded Software?
- Which are the main Threats to Security IC?
- What is the importance of Logic Encryption in Security IC Design?
- What is Unclonable Security IC?
- How do you perform Security Rule Checking in Security IC Design?
- What is Split Fabrication of Security IC?
- Are there Challenges in Spilt Manufacturing of Security IC?
- Does Split Fabrication offer Advantages over Complete Security IC Fabrication?
- Is Security IC the same as Authentication IC?
- How do you Test the Quality of Security IC?
- What are the Features of Security IC?
- How do you Choose Security Integrated Circuit?
- Do Security ICs have Memory?
- Why should you Import Security IC from China?
What is Security IC?
A security integrated circuit is a dedicated IC with specially designed security hardware.
It is particularly designed to offer cryptographic functions and guard your system from attacks. It acts as the platform for installing the embedded software of the security IC.
The security IC comprises of circuit blocks like random number generator, tamper detection, math accelerator, physically unclonable function (PUF) and nonvolatile memory.
Having a security IC incorporating PUF block is particularly advantageous.
It has a unique capability of being resistant to reverse-engineering or invasive attempts to take out delicate data like a cryptographic key.
You can use the security IC as a component of products such as a USB token, smart card or other devices though it finds application in several fields.
Typically after production, you are in a position to store and use the security IC anytime and anywhere in the world.
Which are the Components of Security IC?
Generally, Security IC components consist of:
- Processing unit (CPU)
- I/O ports such as contact, contactless or corresponding interfaces like MMC and USB
- Clock Circuitry
- Security Circuitry
- Reset Logic
- Random Number Generator
- Crypto Processor
Moreover, a security IC may comprise of other additional components such as capacitors, batteries and antennae among other specific hardware components.
What is the Function of Security IC?
Security integrated circuit
The primary role of any security IC is to guard your system against any intrusion attempts.
It shields your system from mischievous individuals trying to defraud, attain unauthorized access to information and control your security system through Security IC.
In most cases, protected information comprise of confidential or integrity sensitive data like balance value of debit cards, PINs and personal data files.
In addition, data granting the right of access also forms part of protected information.
These data include any cryptographic keys or algorithms essential in obtaining access and utilizing services provided by the secure IC system.
Why use Security ICs?
Here are some of the benefits provided by systems using Security IC:
- Protects contents of the system memories, thus maintaining their integrity and confidentiality.
- Maintain the right and secure running of software installed on the security IC system.
- Safeguard keys required for cloud authentication.
- Facilitates the development of security systems with minimized cost and time.
- Extends the battery life.
Are there Disadvantages of using Security Integrated Circuits?
Yes, some sophisticated security integrated circuits may be expensive. If you carelessly handle such an IC and it becomes faulty, you will need to replace it with a new one.
Usually it is not practical to repair such security ICs since they have very small components.
What is PIC24F “GB2” and “GB4” in Security ICs?
The PIC24F is an economical, low-power microcontrollers (MCUs) family.
It comprises of components having:
- Extreme Low Power (XLP) technology
- Dual-partition memory having Flash of up to 1024 KB
- A broad range of Core Independent Peripherals (CIPs) and 16 MIPS performance
It has pin count packages spanning from 28 to 121 pin alternatives and flash memory densities spanning from 16 KB to 1 MB.
The PIC24F family offers you an absolutely distinct microprocessor that is perfect for many low-power, space-restricted and cost-sensitive Security IC systems.
What is Security IC Embedded Software?
Embedded software consists of all other applications running on the security chip with the exception of the dedicated software of the Security IC.
It has a distinct purpose that plays an integral role in the overall functioning of the security system.
In most cases, manufacturers store Security IC Embedded software in the non-volatile non-programmable memories (ROM).
However, you can also store the supplements of the embedded software in the non-volatile programmable memories, for example E2PROM.
The Security IC Embedded Software consist of Hard-coded Security IC Embedded Software which is usually stored in ROM and Soft-coded Security IC Embedded Software stored in Flash Memory or E2PROM.
Which are the main Threats to Security IC?
The common types of cyber threats facing individuals and organizations operating Security IC systems consist of:
· Manipulation of Data
This may include any data, consisting of code, saved or operated on by the security integrated circuit.
In this type of cyber-attack, an attacker is capable of altering a significant block of data. Manipulation of data include threats like T.Abuse-Func, T.Malfunction and T.Phys-Manipulation.
· Manipulation of the Security IC
In this case, the attacker is in a position to deliberately alter or deactivate the behavior of a particular function in a way which facilitates exploitation.
The threats in this type of attack consist of T.Abuse-Func, T.Malfunction and T.Phys-Manipulation.
· Disclosure of Data
Here, an attacker is practically capable of determining a significant block of data.
The threats in this type of Security IC attack include T.Leak-Inherent, T.Abuse-Func, T.Leak-Forced and T.Phys-probing.
· Cloning of the Security IC
The greatest degree security fear in the execution setting is the replication of the functional behavior of the secure IC on its command and physical interface.
The main objective of functional behavior cloning is to;
- Create a functional copy of the embedded software of the security IC.
- Disclose, interpret and utilize the confidential user data stored in the secure IC, and
- Create and make a functional counterfeit of the security IC utilizing inputs of the primary IC.
What is the importance of Logic Encryption in Security IC Design?
Also referred to as obfuscation, logic encryption is a famous technique for protecting a security IC design against hardware Trojans and IP piracy.
It involves the insertion of extra gates to the design to conceal the original functionality.
The gates are commonly known as key-gates since they are linked to a series of key-inputs.
When a wrong key is entered into the key-inputs, the Security IC generates the wrong results. On the other hand, if you enter the right activation key, the IC gets unlocked and functions correctly.
Logic encryption is normally carried out on a netlist prior to delivery to the untrusted foundry. After fabrication, the security IC is sent back to the designer who activates it by inserting the right activation key.
Typically, the key is saved and protected in a tamper-proof memory.
Although a malicious attacker can retrieve the encrypted design of the Security IC in the foundry, reverse engineering it is impossible because the activation key is unknown.
For that reason, the design stays safe against malicious modification and IP piracy.
What is Unclonable Security IC?
Unclonable security IC are made in such a manner that it creates exclusive signatures that can be applied in chip authentication.
This type of security IC is manufactured through variations of the manufacturing process to ensure easy differentiation among other identical ICs.
Unclonable Security IC allows you to proactively, effortlessly and logically guard your intellectual property and product using a solution that is impenetrable by hostile physical attacks.
The Unclonable type of security IC is extremely secure.
This is because the safeguarded set of cryptographic devices consisting of:
- True random number generator
- Asymmetric hardware engine
- Distinctive 64-bit ROM identification number together with other components
Additionally, it is exceptionally cost-effective, dependable over process temperature and straightforward to implement.
Integrating unclonable security IC into the design of customers is simple and it comes with a predetermined function command kit that constitutes cryptographic operations.
In relation to protection benefit, this type of security ICs can simplify or eliminate the necessity for sophisticated key management, which you can directly employ in cryptography.
For example, some Unclonable Security ICs employ ChipDNA technology to shield IoT systems. Nevertheless, incorrect use of this type of Secure IC can result in bypassing ordinary authentication or encryption within a computer system.
How do you perform Security Rule Checking in Security IC Design?
Design Security Rule Check is a system that is incorporated in the standard design flow of a Security IC.
It is to examine its vulnerabilities and evaluate the security at different phases of design processes.
These may include:
- Physical design
- Design-for-test insertion
- Gate-level netlist
- Register transfer level, among other steps
In order to use the DSeRC framework one requires an exhaustive record of vulnerabilities for Security IC.
The vulnerabilities are then linked with metrics and rules, to allow for quantitative measurement of each variable.
The DSeRC system enables the systematic identification of security issues and vulnerabilities prior to tape-out.
This allows you to modify the design to tackle the issues or incorporate proper countermeasures.
To spot and assess vulnerabilities linked to Security ICs, you need to integrate Design Security Rule Check into the ordinary design flow of the IC.
The DSeRC will read the design files and user input data constraints.
It will also examine the Security IC for susceptibilities at all phases of abstraction, that is, Register-transfer level, gate and physical layout level.
To ensure the quantitative measurement of security of each design, every vulnerability is related with a group of metrics and rules.
At Register Transfer Level, the DSeRC framework evaluates the security IPs and will give feedback so that discovered security problems can be taken care of.
After tackling the RTL security vulnerabilities, the design will be amalgamated to gate level and then you insert design-for-debug (DFD) and design-for-test (DFT) structures.
Thereafter, the Design Security Rule Check system will examine the netlist of the gate level for security vulnerabilities. A similar procedure will go on even for the physical layout design.
Security rule checking enables you to pinpoint and take care of security vulnerabilities during the earliest design stages.
This makes Security ICs more secure as well as significantly reducing the cost and time for development by minimizing the time-to-market challenge.
In addition, the DSeRC system facilitates a quantitative comparison of the various implementation of similar design.
Thus allowing performance optimization without undermining security.
However, the framework will require some input from you. For instance, you need to specify the security assets depending on the design target specifications.
What is Split Fabrication of Security IC?
Split manufacturing arrangement
Split fabrication is a technological method for manufacturing outsourced Security ICs.
The concept is to divide (split) an integrated circuit into various “fragments” that are built in different foundries.
So, none of the foundries have a picture of the final Secure IC.
In split manufacturing, the Security IC design layout is partitioned into Back End of Line (BEOL) layers and Front End Of Line (FEOL) layers.
The layers are then built independently in different foundries.
The BEOL layers comprise of the top metal layers while the FEOL layers comprise of transistors together with lower metal layers.
After fabrication, the BEOL and FEOL wafers get aligned and joined together applying either optical, mechanical or electrical alignment methods.
Finally, the resultant Security IC is tested after the successful integration of the BEOL and FEOL wafers.
The metal layers’ asymmetrical nature facilitates split fabrication of Secure IC.
Are there Challenges in Spilt Manufacturing of Security IC?
Yes, Security IC manufacturers face some difficulties when using a split fabrication technique.
Let’s look at the main challenges in split manufacturing of the Security Integrated Circuit.
Security IC Platform
- Transporting the BEOL wafer to the FEOL foundry or transferring the BEOL and FEOL wafers to the System-on-Circuit integrated may pose a challenge.
The wafers are very thin and might delaminate or break during transportation.
- Alignment of the BEOL and FEOL layers and expansion of die area to hold alignment structures pose another challenge.
- Split fabrication of Security IC may as well have an effect on the integrity of the signal, the timing of the transmission that span the BEOL and FEOL layers, among other design for manufacturability elements.
Additionally, proximity attack is another potential challenge to split the manufacturing of Security IC. When ordinary route and place tools are employed for physical design, the closeness of gates within the untrusted tier will disclose information.
It is the information regarding their connectivity within the hidden tier.
Full layout randomization, though it comes with high cost, is the recommended solution to this challenge.
Does Split Fabrication offer Advantages over Complete Security IC Fabrication?
The main advantage of split manufacturing of Security IC is that it enhances the security of an integrated circuit.
This is because the BEOL and FEOL layers are built independently and combined after fabrication.
This prohibits one foundry (particularly the FEOL foundry) from having complete control over the IC.
For example, in the absence of the BEOL layer, it is not possible to identify and insert Trojans in ‘safe’ locations within the circuit.
Also, it’s not possible to counterfeit the designs of the IC in the absence of the BEOL layers.
In addition, split fabrication is less costly compared to the complete fabrication of the Security IC.
Is Security IC the same as Authentication IC?
Authentication IC system
Authentication IC is a function-specific type of Security IC which is instrumental in authenticating operations or data in a system.
This Security IC type offers drop-in answers for challenge and response authentication.
The challenge-response authentication between the peripheral and host system facilitates the identification of unauthorized and authorized parts.
Authentication ICs come with on-chip engines crucial in ECC-P256 and SHA-256 cryptography in addition to:
- 8 KB of secure EEPROM for certificates
- Application data
- Private/public key pairs
- Private keys
These features enable it to support both asymmetric and symmetric authentication mechanisms. In addition, most Authentication ICs have the ability to dynamically create private/public key pairs necessary in high-level validation protocols.
How do you Test the Quality of Security IC?
The test of Security ICs is critical to guarantee its quality.
The examination is instrumental in preventing out-of-spec and defective integrated circuits from getting into the market.
You conduct quality testing by comparing the noted output of the Security IC with the anticipated test feedbacks for a batch of test patterns.
An automatic test pattern production algorithms help in the generation of the test patterns.
The main objective of available test pattern production algorithms is to attain greater fault coverage at reduced test costs.
In an effort to minimize the test data size, the algorithms disclose the maximal information associated with the internal circuit structure.
This is achieved by sensitizing the interior outputs nets as practical as possible.
Also, this leads to unintentional leakage of the circuits embedded secrets as well.
What are the Features of Security IC?
- End-to-end, provides best-of-breed solutions
- Root of trust: Secure storage of secret (secret key, unique ID) and Secure Boot
- Security Monitoring: Life-cycle management, Secure Debug
- Strong tamper resistance: resilience to perturbation attacks and fault injection
- Guarantee data protection
How do you Choose Security Integrated Circuit?
Here are some of the factors to consider when selecting a Security IC:
· Absolute Maximum Ratings
These are the ratings of the security IC that should never be surpassed during the application of the device.
Exceeding absolute maximum ratings may result in serious damage, shorten the lifespan or destroy the Security integrated circuit.
You should choose a Security IC with ratings above your operation limits because fabricators will not take responsibility for an IC that exceeds their absolute maximum ratings.
· Power Dissipation
Power dissipation of the Security IC is a very important consideration because the IC should not overheat and also it should conserve batteries.
Excess heat may damage your Security IC or may temporarily degrade its quality while they are heated.
Therefore, when selecting a Security IC it is important you factor in its power dissipation. This is to ensure it will not surpass a maximal chip temperature or drain power unnecessarily.
· Temperature Range and Performance Variation with Temperature
Secure ICs are expected to function to specification within a range of temperatures.
The features of the ICs and hence their accuracy will vary based on the temperature.
Due to this fact, it is essential to the temperature coefficients and temperature range when choosing a Security IC.
Hacking aimed at IoT gadgets is increasing, a threat that is particularly relevant to integrated circuits used in security systems.
As a result, you should go for a Security IC that implements layers of security like physical security and cryptography.
Choose an IC which has been validated to the modern security standards or employs MCUs having on-chip safe hardware.
· Hardware Architecture
The packaging of security IC directly affects its size and performance, with the most common type being Dual In-line packaging.
Quad flat packs cover a brooder surface but reduced vertical space, and small outline transistors boast of a small footprint.
Wafer-level chip-scales are relatively smaller and absorb in more processing power though they are more costly to fabricate.
Flat no-lead packages are good in the diffusion of heat.
While ball grid arrays (BGAs) ensure high performance because of the compact package though they are equally costly to fabricate.
Do Security ICs have Memory?
Yes, security ICs have memory.
It is where the initialization data and configuration data associated with the running of the security functionality and the IC dedicated software are coded.
The memories can be classified into non-volatile programmable memories such as flash memory or E2PROM and non-volatile non-programmable memories (ROM).
Why should you Import Security IC from China?
After you have finished the design and funding phases of your Security IC fabrication project, you need a cost-effective solution. At the same time, the manufacturing process must conform to high-quality standards.
This is where manufacturing security ICs in China comes in.
Low costs of production will lead to lower and competitive prices that will make investors and customers happy.
Therefore, there are many benefits of importing Security ICs from China.
Let’s explore the main advantages of buying secure ICs from China:
· Reduced Manufacturing Costs
Forget the unions, constantly changing laws and labor laws that can make your project fail before it starts.
Importing or fabricating your Security ICs in China is accompanied by business-friendly laws.
With the guaranteed low costs for labor and parts, you can achieve the outcome that you desire without spending a lot of money.
Additionally, working with a Chinese fabricating partner who has experience in overseas shipping, you can save 20 to 30 percent of your total costs.
· High-Profit Margin
From a business perspective, this is the greatest benefit you will enjoy when you buy Security IC from China.
Because of the reduced cost of production, you will earn higher profits when you sell the security IC to your customers.
Moreover, you will still have the flexibility to set competitive prices for your products with respect to other suppliers.
This will enable you to have an upper hand against your competitors, thus high turnover and profits.
· Incredible Efficiency
It is important to note that Chinese foundries are sought are the globe due to their exceptional efficiency and speed.
The fabrication process will begin and go on with minimal or no interruptions immediately after setting up the production lines.
Manufacturing or buying your Security IC s from China is the best option.
This is critical if you have a very high demand when wasting even a day leads to losses.
· Quality of Products
With the rising demand for products from China, there is consistent improvement in quality.
It is courtesy of enhanced quality standards and manufacturing processes.
China is now the world manufacturing capital and this is exemplified by the work coming out.
Consumers need Security ICs that cost less and will be highly durable, making China the best manufacturing site.
Here at Rantle, we are the leading manufacturers of security ICs in China.
For any questions or free consultations, you can contact us now.